Formatting Requirements


1. Article elements



Text of article



2. Text

2.1. General requirements. The article length should be 17- 23 typewritten pages (35 000 – 45 000 characters). Before sending the article please use spellcheck and take one of the recent published papers as an example. Please submit the article using Microsoft Word and save it in the *rtf format. This eliminates the deformation of graphics and formulas. Page setup: margins – Left/Right 2.5 cm, top -2.5 cm, bottom – 2.5 cm, single spacing, standard tab stop (1.27 cm); font – TimesNewRoman 14 pt. Use the standard fonts and uniform design both for the whole text and for all its elements.

2.2. The abstract volume is 200-250 words. The abstract should include the following parts:

— subject, topic, aims, research hypothesis;
— methods;
— results;

— results application;
— conclusion, discussion;
— limitations, themes for future research.
The abstract should show special aspects, novelty and advantages of the research as to interest the reader and make him/her to read the whole paper. It is an independent text describing the main results of the research without reference to the article, so reference citations and abbreviations must be avoided. Make the abstract’s style clear and concise, free from secondary information.

2.3. Keywords should countnot less than 10 words, without full point.

2.4. Structure of article

The article should be written in the IMRAD format (Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion) and have the following structure:
— Introduction;

— Theory;
— Data and Methods;
— Methods or Model;
— Results;
— Conclusions or Discussion and Implication.

3. Figures

The paper should not contain photos, all figures should be in the black and white format. Make all graphic objects visual, demonstrative and clear. Illustrations should be numbered and placed after they are first referred to in the text. State the figure’s name below the figure (in italics). The figures should be made in a format that allows editing and configuration changes without further recourse to the author. All illustrations should be in the black and white format, full-color illustrations will not be accepted. Reference to the color of figure’s elements in the text is not allowed (for example, "red on the chart indicates ..." etc.). Full-color figures will are not allowed, as well as partly colored figures. The figures are uploaded to the system as separate files in original format (*jpeg, *jpg, *tiff, *xls), except figures made in Microsoft Word. The figures created by means of MS Word should be grouped together. The objects created by other means than MS Word should have *jpeg (*jpg), or *tiff extension, with a resolution not less than 72 dpi (screen resolution) and size of at least 1500x1500 (dots per inch), or 164 mm width and 300 dpi. The author is responsible for the correct using of characters, formulas and figures.

4. Tables

In the tables, the numbers are aligned to the right (in italics), the title of the table is in the center (in bold). The tables should be untitled and numbered consecutively. Please avoid overcrowding the tables and the excessive use of words, colored text and cells. The author should indicate the sources of the data provided in tables.

5. Formulas

The formulas numbers are aligned to the right. The formulas should be typed in MS Equation Editor or MathType and should be editable. Please avoid the automatic formulas numbering and cross-references to the formulas or the reference list.

6. Language standards

Write the paper in a good English. The translation from native languages should be made by professional translators or edited by proof-reader. Machine translations will be rejected. The authors should respect English spelling and punctuation. Papers which need to be substantially edited can be returned to the author.

7. References

The reference section is written at the end of the article and should contain at least 25 - 30 sources (foreign - not less than 30%). Self-citations should not exceed 15%. List References consecutively, in the order that you have cited them. In the text, every reference should be quoted at least once in square brackets. After the number of reference it is possible to indicate the number of page you refer to. If you refer to several sources at once you should group them to the single integrated reference. Examples of references in the text of paper: [15]; [15, Pp. 103–122]; [1, 15, 34]; [1, p. 235; 32, p. 18; 315, p. 8–22].


7.1. Journal articles with DOI:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Article Title. Journal Title, vol. (no.), pages. doi.
e.g. Monastyrny, E. A. (2006). Innovative cluster. Innovations, 2, 38-43. doi:10.1037/0278- 6133.24.2.225.
7.2. Journal articles without DOI:
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Article Title. Journal Title, vol. (no.), pages.
e.g. Monastyrny, E. A., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Social and economic development. Economy of Region, 3, 39-52.
Monastyrny, E. A., Kulik, J. A., Nulif, K. L. (2008). Social and economic development. Economy, 3, 52-67.
7.3. Books:
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of book (Edition). Location: Publisher, pages. e.g. Monastyrny, E. A. (2006). Innovative cluster. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 267.
Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation, 350.
Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). New York, NY: Anchor, 680.

7.4. Chapter in a book:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds). Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher. e.g. Monastyrny, E. A. (2006). Innovative cluster. In J. A. Kulik (Ed.). Innovations (pp. 12-21). Moscow: Nauka Publ.

7.5. Electronic sources (Web publications):

Links to websites, online sources (does not apply to original articles, monographs, etc., posted on the Internet), legal documents (laws, resolution, acts, etc.), newspapers and statistical collections are placed in the text in footnotes and should not be mentioned in the reference list.
Standard for references conforms to the requirements of APA (the American Psychological Association). For e
ach internet-source it necessary to indicate the Date of access. For all sources having doi, please, indicate it at the end of the source.

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number (issue number if available). [Electronic source] Retrieved from (Date of access:
e.g. Tatarkin,
А. I. (2013). Self-development of regional socio-economic systems as the need for Russia’s federal development. Economy of Region, 4. [Electronic source] Retrieved from (Date of access: 14.04.2016).

Papers which don’t meet these requirements can be returned to the authors for revision.